The Main Square
It is one of Peru’s largest and most historical squares, where the brutal encounter between two cultures took place, as it situated on the old square, where the Spanish executed the Inca Atahualpa.
It is located on one side of the Main Square (Plaza de Armas). It was built during the 17th century, and its façade is a refined sample of baroque art, with plateresque reminiscence, colonnades, arabesques, cornices and niches, and its Main Altar is worked in gold sheets.
San Francisco’s Church
It integrates the monastery of the same name and possesses valuable pieces of iconography, as well as religious images and paintings. In addition, it has a Colonial Religious Art Museum.
The Belén Monumental Compound
Its construction dates from the 18th century. It is a colonial historical monument, very representative of the Hispano-American baroque style and symbol of Cajamarca’s cultural identity.
The Recoleta’s Church
It was built during the 17th century and is located in the populous neighborhood of San Sebastián. It displays a sober façade carved in stone and highlighted by triple arched bell gables.
The Ransom Room
It is Cajamarca’s main monument, for being the symbol of the clash between two worlds and the only vestige of Incan architecture, in that city.
It was the place where the captive Inca Atahualpa offered a room full of gold and two full of silver, to secure his freedom.
The Santa Apolonia Hill
It is a splendid natural vantage point that overlooks the whole valley, and from which one can appreciate pre-Incan (Chavín) remains of a stone altar, commonly known as “The Inca’s Chair”.
The Inca’s Baths
It is a thermal water resort, located 6 kilometers from the city.
Its springs reach temperatures up to 79? C, with healing properties, and this is why it is considered as one of the most important ones on the continent.
It has one large and very beautiful artificial lagoon that invites its visitors to recreation and relaxing.
The Rock Forest
It is an impressive set of geological formations known as “Frailotes” (Tall Friars), situated 14 km. from the city of Cajamarca.
Ventanillas de Otuzco
It is a great necropolis, of Incan origin, situated 8 km. from the city, which is characterized by its crypts dug into out-jutting rocks, like an immense funerary mosaic.
In their majority, they are simple niches, but some are multiple and have corridors, with lateral niches.
It is a beautiful place in Cajamarca’s countryside, and seat of the El Rescate Cattle Raising Center, characterized by the work undertaken with cattle, as the main attraction there, is the “call of the cows”, which run in an orderly way, to the milking place, as they are being called by their names.
The Archaeological Complex of Cumbe Mayo
It is an impressive archaeological complex, on the foothills of Mount El Cumbe (3,500 m.a.s.l.), which shelters numerous geological formations, that seem to be a stone forest or out-jutting rocks, the best known shapes of which look like the outlines of friars; reason for which they are known as “Tall Friars” (Frailotes).
The site displays an aqueduct, built in live rock, and considered as one of pre-Hispanic América’s most remarkable hydraulic works.
The out-jutting rock known as The Sanctuary, has the appearance of a human head, in which was dug a cave of 2.5 meters in diameter, with rudimentary stairs that give access to its inside, where niches can be appreciated, designs on rocks and other shapes carved in stone.
It possesses a Site Museum which exhibits an archaeological exposition of ceramic, stone and metal pre-Hispanic objects, as well as bones.
It is an archaeological site of much importance, as it was a necropolis of pre-Incan origin, characterized by the beautiful small windows cut in live rock, which are more notable for their number and state of conservation, than those of Otuzco.
It is a community that stands out for its stone handicraft, in fountain carving, planters, statues and small decoration items.
The Porcón Barn
It is located 30 km. North of the city of Cajamarca (About one hour by car), and it covers an extension of 12,800 hectares, where, during the past 25 years, an integral project has been developed in an exemplary and unique way, directed to the reforestation of 10,000 hectares, in high areas, to protect and take advantage of the soil’s richness, managing to restore the flora and preserve the fauna, which consists in a great victory in the ecological field and turns the Granja Porcón into one of the main places to visit, within the great tourist circuit, in Northern Peru.
In only one place, the Granja Porcón offers agro-tourism, nature and live-experience tourism. It also allows its visitors to appreciate its way of life and participate in agricultural, cattle breeding and forest work. In addition, one can enjoy hikes in the woods and countryside. It has an adequate tourist service infrastructure to remain there, stay overnight, eat and go on excursions. (Source: www.micajamarca.com)